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The Hidden Costs & Dangers of Free VPN Services

Virtual private networks (VPNs) have become a popular technology for protecting your privacy and security online. However, many consumers are unaware of the substantial risks posed by free VPN services. If you are not paying for a service, chances are your data is the product. This article will examine the top reasons to avoid free VPNs.

Limited Functionality & Speed

Free VPNs come with severe functionality constraints, only offering the most basic features. You’ll typically be limited to just one device connection, have restricted data allowances, have access to fewer server options, and experience slower speeds.

Most free VPNs use older protocols like L2TP or PPTP, which have known vulnerabilities. Without robust encryption protocols, your browsing data can still be intercepted by sophisticated hackers or surveillance agencies.

Paid VPNs utilize modern VPN protocols like IKEv2, OpenVPN, and Wireguard. These next-gen protocols offer faster speeds, better device compatibility, enhanced encryption strength, and increased reliability.

Paid VPN providers also offer unlimited device connections and bandwidth caps. If you need real VPN protection across all your devices, a free VPN just won’t suffice. I suggest always premium VPN that claims top security and cares about your privacy, some of the popular ones in the market are Express, Surfshark or PureVPN.

Poor Privacy & Logging Policies

Nearly every free VPN service tracks and logs user behavior in some form, despite any claims to the contrary.

They may promise not to record browsing history or online activities, but will gather connection data, bandwidth usage, incoming and outgoing IP addresses, timestamps, and session details.

This collected metadata gives providers extensive insight into your internet lifestyle and geographic locations. Free VPN companies primarily generate revenue through this user data mining.

They use or sell these usage logs for advertising and analytics purposes. Any promises of anonymity or “no logs” policies from free VPN services are essentially just hollow marketing slogans.

Breach-Prone Security

According to Matt Cyber Security Manager at Article Thirteen he found significant security flaws in many popular free VPN browser extensions and mobile apps. Free VPNs rarely implement robust encryption correctly throughout their apps and infrastructure.

This leaves them highly susceptible to man-in-the-middle attacks that siphon off user data like passwords or banking details, and even collect the data mainly logins.

Owners of free VPN services also cut costs by limiting investment in network security. This has resulted in major data breaches involving the theft of user credentials and private information.

With lax data policies too, free VPN providers are frequent targets of government demands for user data access. Ultimately, free VPN users become low-hanging fruit for a range of cyber threats.

Questionable Business Practices

So how do free VPN companies actually turn a profit? In most cases, by engaging in dubious business practices that raise ethical issues:

  • Selling User Data: As described earlier, user insights are sold to data brokers or advertisers without proper consent.
  • Upselling Higher Tiers: Key features are kept behind expensive subscription-based upgrades. Many users get sucked into free trials without realizing the true ongoing costs.
  • Questionable Affiliate Marketing: Browser extensions and apps generate affiliate revenue by changing homepage and search engine defaults without permission. Search results also get injected with affiliate links.
  • Cryptocurrency Mining: Resources from a user’s device may be hijacked via embedded scripts that secretly mine cryptocurrencies for provider profit without transparency or opt-in choice.

In short, if you are not paying for the VPN service, you and your data become the actual product. The provider profits off of your usage without you fully understanding the exchange taking place.

Malware & Software Bloat Risks

Numerous independent analyses have discovered malware embedded within free VPN services for Windows and Android devices. Researchers frequently identify instances of downloaders, trojans, adware, and spyware bundled into free VPN software installers or extensions.

Even if no overt malware is detected, free VPN clients often contain advertising modules, third party libraries, and software bloat that hamper device performance substantially.

Cryptomining scripts have also been discovered operating via free mobile VPN apps without user awareness. Free VPN browser extensions are particularly poor at disclosing the extensive permissions they require to function properly too.

In effect, free VPNs exemplify the old adage – if the product seems too good to be true, it probably is. The hidden costs of signing up end up being increased privacy risks, slower speeds, potential malware infections, unauthorized device resource consumption, and data harvesting/sale – for corporate profit

When are Free VPNs Acceptable to Use?

There are a small handful of free VPN services considered reputable amongst privacy advocates, such as ProtonVPN and Windscribe. These providers offer limited free plans that provide adequate speeds, encryption standards, and bandwidth for basic needs like bypassing geo-restrictions. However, premium paid plans are still recommended for optimal security and performance.

The other use case where free VPN browser extensions offer value is for public Wi-Fi protection. When connecting to open hotspots, adding an extra layer of encryption safeguards against man-in-the-middle attacks. But for everyday private browsing, a premium VPN solution that aligns with your threat model is strongly advised.


While free VPN services may seem attractive, they come saddled with major privacy, security, and ethical concerns. Your personal data and device integrity end up under threat in exchange for subpar VPN protection.

Investing in a reputable premium VPN provider that aligns with your individual needs is the wisest long term choice when it comes to protecting your digital lifestyle safely.

Though VPN technologies offer great utility, it’s important to understand their limitations – especially around free tier offerings.

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